Vanishing in Plain Sight

It’s nearly impossible to stay abreast of all of the changes to Lexington’s historic neighborhoods – demolitions, new construction, and remodelings that transform (for better or worse) the exterior visage of a building – small, minute changes occur everyday that can slowly enhance or erode the character of a place. Dramatic change sometimes happens in the busiest of locations, and yet causes hardly a stir.

The small green bungalow at 922 Detroit Avenue was all that remained when I noticed what was happening.

The razing of several buildings on Winchester Road and Detroit Avenue, on Lexington’s east side, may have been noticed by motorists filling up at the adjacent Speedway, but I doubt anyone will be stirred to write a eulogy for the radical alteration at this site. Four houses were demolished, one on Winchester Road that had been converted to a business, and three fronting on Detroit Avenue. These weren’t big houses, or fancy houses, or houses that were once home to wealthy and influential people. The early 20th century working class neighborhood began as a “suburban” development christened Liberty Heights.

A section of the plat for Liberty Heights. Liberty Road (then a pike) is seen at the bottom of the plat, while the railroad (not shown) runs on the other side of Delaware Avenue.

In March 1920, the Liberty Land Syndicate, headed up by real estate broker C. K. Oldham, purchased 157 acres on the outskirts of Lexington, on the new Liberty Pike. The “old Preston place,” as the parcel was known, lay between Liberty Pike (today’s Liberty Road) and the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad.

A section of the plat for the Liberty Heights Subdivision.

Lots began to be sold for this new “suburban residential subdivision” later in the spring 1920, and appear to have traded hands several times before houses began to be constructed. Oldham divided the parcel into 5 and 10 acre plots, which were then sold, further subdivided, and sold again. The McCormick Lumber Company bought some of these larger tracts, and sold 44 building lots in May 1920 from between $300 and $800 apiece.

Many of Lexington’s lumber companies also acted as developers, including McCormick Lumber in this 1930 advertisement.

A public auction of lots followed in June 1920, and soon, the former farmland began to sprout tidy frame houses, most built in the Craftsman style so popular at the time, with others following in an older vernacular pattern, that of the one-story frame T-plan. The neighborhood was compact, with lots a little larger than a tenth of an acre.

The residents of Liberty Heights, by and large, were able to walk to work. Blanding Hensley and his wife Pauline lived at 912 Detroit Avenue (one of the dwellings torn down) in 1930, and he had only a brief stroll to his place of employment, Lexington Dairy Inc, located on National Avenue.

Lexington Dairy opened in 1928 at 716 National Avenue and operated until 1975.

Richard Treadway, a carpenter, and his wife Mabel lived at 922 Detroit. Their next door neighbor, Strother Breeze, was an auto mechanic. The city limits for Lexington straddled the property line between Treadway’s house and Breezes’s – so one family lived “in town” and the other lived in the county.

Other residents included the janitor at Ashland School (located nearby on North Ashland Avenue), workers for the C&O Railroad, and mechanics at car dealerships along Winchester Road. In 1940, half of the homes on the street were owner occupied, and 10 households had phones (as a point of reference, there were 14, 608 telephones in service in Lexington in 1940 for a population of almost 50,000).

Looking southeast at 922 Detroit Avenue, the home of Richard Treadway, with empty lots all that is left of its neighbors.

I knew none of the background of Liberty Heights as I filled my car up with gas a few weeks ago, and my gaze settled on a small, front gable green bungalow at 922 Detroit Avenue. I am a fan of the bungalow, and although its deconstruction was evident, the clean lines, shingles in the gable, and compact little front porch (accented with dentils) appealed to me. Only then did my awareness extend to the torn-up earth beside the house, and the scars left from the demolition of its neighbors.

Looking toward Winchester Road from Detroit Avenue.

Winchester Road lacks a certain cohesiveness and aesthetic appeal – as an entryway into Lexington, it’s not one you would write home about. I’m fond of it, but that owes itself to familiarity, and the fact that US 60 holds a special place in my heart. So I’m not surprised that I heard nothing about the demolition of these modest homes (even through the fog of caring for a newborn).

The people speeding past each day on this heavily-trafficked vehicular route aren’t looking at what they consider a historic neighborhood. Historic districts, where concerted efforts from a multitude of players over the years resulted in preservation and appreciation of the buildings therein, tend to consist of a collection of larger buildings, on larger lots, built for people with larger pocketbooks. A working class suburb developed on the fringes of town in the 1920s, near the railroad and industrial interests, simply doesn’t rouse the interest of most.

But it is these neighborhoods that help tell a richer story of the development of Lexington – and that provide affordable housing well within the city limits (and New Circle Road). The reinvention of National Avenue and increasingly Delaware Avenue makes me wonder if Liberty Heights will benefit from the renewed interest in this part of Lexington, or if the opportunity to redevelop the land closest to Winchester Road will signal the death knell of the neighborhood.

It is the sort of neighborhood being espoused in new developments – densely built, with sidewalks and front porches, constructed on the foundation of “live where you work.” Only time will tell the eventual story of Liberty Heights in the 21st century – and you never know what sort of story you will find when you stop to put gas in your car.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email


  1. Sharon Thelin says:

    I heard a little over a year ago that these houses were fated for the “chopping block” when a friend had a little antique shop (short-lived) on the corner. I remember her telling me certain Lexington businessmen were quietly buying up all those houses for development–she said a mega-chain drugstore–maybe CVS was going in on that corner. Great addition to the traffic congestion already at that intersection! On the other hand, a drugstore will be another economic engine for Lexington, right? I wonder how many “managerial” positions the drugstore will offer? Compared to minimum wage sales clerks, that is. I love bungalows and this one is a classic. Where is the Blue Grass Trust when we need them? And Tom Eblen and Foster Ockerman and all the others who “love” Lexington history?

    1. Janie-Rice Brother says:

      Thank you for reading and sharing that information. I figured it was going to be something like that, or a strip mall type of thing (like what went in on Euclid at Marquis). There are likely many people who wouldn’t consider this a “historic” neighborhood, but I wouldn’t say that is true of either the BGT or Tom. Keeping up with the tear-downs in Lexington is too big of a task for any one person (or probably a group) and working along with that is the apparent distaste many officials have for design guidelines. I hate the loss of this bungalow, which was adorable – but when has anyone every paid attention to Winchester Road and the types of businesses lining it? I’ve always thought it odd that such a main artery into Lexington would be so ignored (but then again, planning and zoning guidelines don’t have many ardent fans – either in Lexington or across the Commonwealth). I wish I had the answer – but until I do, the best I can offer is to try and make people aware of neighborhoods and historic resources that would otherwise be overlooked.

  2. Janet Johnson says:

    Very interesting to read about this area and hear the names of former residents and where they worked.

    1. Janie-Rice Brother says:

      Thank you! (and Happy New Year!)

  3. R Berle Clay says:

    Interesting…these subdivisions do have tales, like mine, Shady Lane. Built importantly by UK professors c 1940 and later, espousing at times progressive styling…now being bought up as tear downs by the wealthy…to be replaced with tasteless (in my humble opinion) displays of wealth, not intellect.

    1. Janie-Rice Brother says:

      Thanks for reading Berle! I love walking around Shady Lane and hate that the original homes are being demolished for McMansion-type dwellings.

Comments are closed.